Mayur Deshpande
  Personal trainer in Mumbai
Nutritional Supplements Library Potassium

Nutritional Supplements Library

Potassium


What is potassium?

Potassium is an essential mineral.It plays a variety of important biochemical roles in the human body. Potassium's most important roles include the transmission of nerve impulses, contraction of muscles, production of energy, maintenance of intracellular tonicity, and regulation of blood pressure. Potassium is utilized by the autonomic nervous system. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) controls heart beat, brain functions, and other crucial physiological processes. There are several potassium supplemental forms available, including potassium chloride, potassium citrate, potassium gluconate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium aspartate, and potassium orotate. Foods with high sources of potassium include orange juice, potatoes, bananas, avocados, apricots, parsnips and turnips, although many other fruits, vegetables, and meats contain potassium. Modern diets are high in sodium and too low in potassium.


What is the effective dosage of potassium supplementation?

The effective dosage of potassium is 3500 mg per day.

What are the benefits of potassium supplementation?

• It is important for neuromuscular function.
• It is very essential mineral for heart function.
• It helps maintain lower blood pressure.
• It helps to regulate water balance and is also needed for the synthesis of dietary proteins.


What are side effects of potassium supplementation?

Taking too much potassium can result in an upset stomach, flatulence, abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, and burping. An excessive amount of potassium can result in a heart attack.
Cautions-
• Bananas have only moderate amount of potassium, where as calorie/sugar contain of banana is very high.
• Potassium depletion usually occurs as a consequence of prolonged use of diuretics, from prolonged diarrhea and
hyperaldosteronism, diabetic ketoacidosis, or in those on long-term total parenteral nutrition.
• Diabetics and persons with kidney failure should consult a qualified medical practitioner prior to the use of potassium supplements.


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