Massage Relaxation Techniques

What is massage?

What are the benefits of massage?

How many types of massage are there?


What is massage?

Massage is the practice of applying structured or unstructured pressure, tension, motion, or vibration - manually or with mechanical aids - to the soft tissues of the body, including muscles, connective tissue, tendons, ligaments, lymphatic vessels, organs of the gastrointestinal system and reproductive system to achieve a beneficial response. Massage Therapy is performed primarily by a professional Massage Therapist but is often used as a form of therapy by other Healthcare practitioners such as Chiropractors, Osteopaths and Physio Therapists.

What are the benefits of massage?

  • Reduce Stress.
  • Improve Skin Tone
  • Improve Range of Motion.
  • Relieve Pain.
  • Increase Circulation
  • Aid Detoxification.
  • Aid Digestion
  • May reduce Anxiety
  • Maintain flexibility

How many types of massage are there?

Swedish massage- It was developed by a Swedish physiologist, Henri Peter Ling at the University of Stockholm in 1812. Swedish massage employs five different movements;long, gliding strokes , kneading of individual muscles ,friction , hacking or tapping , vibration.

Sports massage- The sports therapist applies a range of techniques including therapeutic soft tissue massage, gentle mobilization, and stretching techniques to restore function to muscles and joints before, during and following sporting participation. Sports Therapy is founded upon an intimate understanding of the structure and biomechanics of the musculoskeletal system.

Stone massage- Massage in which smooth hot or cold stones, usually basalt or marble, are used to massage the body. When heated stones are used muscles relax allowing the massage therapist to work deeper into the muscle without the discomfort of regular deep tissue massage. Sufferers of sinus congestion usually find relief when cold stones are placed on the sinuses. Energy work is sometimes incorporated into Stone Massage. Stones may be placed on key energy points, such as Chakras or meridians, in order to improve energy flow and healing.

Thai massage- Earliest roots of thai massage lie not in thailand but in India.Thai massage is over 2500 years old.The founder of thai massage is Jivaka kumar bhaccha (shivagakomarpaj) was the physician to god Bhuddha and his monks and nuns in India.There is famous metaphore to emphasis the relationship of Thai massage to yoga"If the mother is yoga,the daughter is thai massage.".Theorotical foundation of thai masage is based on the concept of invisible energy lines running through body.Ten of these lines runing through the body. Thai Massage is an interactive manipulation of the body using passive stretching and gentle pressure along energy lines. These movements are really effective to adjust the skeletal structure, increase flexibility and relieve muscular and joint tension

Reflexology - It was originally known as Reflex zone theraphy,reflexology is a holistic healing method which involves pressure and massage of reflex points found on the feet and hands. The dictionary defines the word reflex as "an involuntary muscular contraction due to an external stimulus."However the word reflex is used in the sense of reflextion or mirror image of TRIGGER points on organism. It was known in India 5,000 years ago. Reflexology treatment centres on masage and pressure to the reflex areas in the feet and hands. To accomplish it, Reflexologist has to learn reflex areas on feet and hands.

Chair massage- Chair massage, also known as corporate massage, can be a convenient method of massage therapy. A chair massage session typically lasts 12-24 minutes, and is performed while fully clothed. Chair massage promotes better circulation, muscle stimulation and stress relief. This form of massage reduces tension in the back, neck, shoulders, head, arms, hands, legs or feet, providing a deep relaxation effect.

Deep tissue massage - Deep tissue massage is a type of massage aimed at the deeper tissue structures of the muscle and fascia, also called connective tissue. Deep tissue massage uses many of the same movements and techniques as Swedish, but the pressure will generally be more intense. It is also a more focused type of massage, as the therapist works to release chronic muscle tension or knots

Pregnancy massage- (Look for a massage therapist who is certified in pregnancy massage.).Massage during pregnancy is therapeutic bodywork which focuses on the special needs of the mother-to-be as her body goes through the dramatic changes of the childbirth experience. Pregnancy affects your body in a multitude of ways. But In most cases it is safe (and beneficial!) to receive massage (from certified masseur) up to your due date and beyond. If you are planning to take massage therapy as an integral part of your prenatal care we suggest once a month in the first trimester, twice a month in the second and third. Pregnancy massage can be done in different ways. Pregnant women may lie on their sides to be massaged, and they can actually lie on their bellies, since a specifically designed pillow has made it possible for expectant moms, no matter how far along they are, to lie flat on their stomachs. It accomplishes this with a deep center cutout in the pillow, so that bellies are accommodated and moms-to-be are relaxed and comfortable. Massage therapy enhances the function of muscles and joints, improves circulation and general body tone, and relieves mental and physical fatigue.

Bodywork during your pregnancy can

  • Relieve stress on weight-bearing joints, such as ankles, low back and pelvis
  • Alleviate neck and back pain caused by muscle imbalance and weakness
  • Assist in maintaining proper posture
  • Promote relaxation
  • Reduce swelling
  • Provide emotional support and a nurturing experience


Massage therapy is not recommended for certain people:

  • Infectious skin disease, rash, or open wounds
  • Immediately after surgery
  • Immediately after chemotherapy or radiation, unless recommended by your doctor
  • Prone to blood clots. There is a risk of blood clots being dislodged. If you have heart disease, check with your doctor before having a massage
  • Pregnant women should check with their doctor first if they are considering getting a massage. Massage in pregnant women should be done by massage therapists who are certified in pregnancy massage.
  • Massage should not be done directly over bruises, inflamed skin, unhealed wounds, tumors, abdominal hernia, or areas of recent fractures.

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