Types Of Yoga
Iyengar yoga was originally developed by B.K.S. Iyengar (India). Mr.B.K.S. Iyengar was born on 14 December 1918. At the age of 16 he learned yoga by Sri.T. Krishnamacharya. At the age of 18 he settled down in pune,Maharashtra.Then he decided to simplify and teach yoga to ordinary human beings,and developed his own style ' Iyengar yoga'. Iyengar yoga is a form of yoga known for its use of props, such as belts, chair and blocks,as aids in performing asanas(posture).Iyengar yoga is based on the traditional eight rules of Patanjali (father of yoga) yoga, emphasizing the development of strength, flexibility and balance as well as concentration(dharana) and meditation ( dyana).
This yoga type focuses on the structural alignment of the physical body through the development of asanas. Iyengar yoga uses objects like cushions,benches,blocks,straps and sand bags to allow beginners to experience asanas more easily and fully than otherwise be possible without several years of practice. The emphasis is given to precision and alignment in all yoga asanas.Standing poses are emphasized in this yoga type.B.K.S.iyengar has trained thousands of teachers, who complete 2-5 years of rigorous training for the introductory level of certification. The center of Iyengar yoga is the ramamani Iyengar memorial yoga institute located in pune,Maharashtra,india.
Restorative yoga is introduced by Judith hanson lasator. This style of yoga is a derivative of the Iyengar yoga tradition and is perhaps most appropriate for those who are just embarking on a yoga program because of the use of props and the elementary nature of the poses. The principle behind restorative yoga is 'active relaxation' by supporting the body with props, which helps to relax the body. Restorative yoga focuses on relaxing the body in restful (rest is diff. than sleep) postures. Some of the popular poses in this form of yoga are legs up the wall pose, supported half dog pose, chair forward bend and half wall hang.
Anusara(MEANS going with the flow.) yoga is founded by john friend of Shenandoah,Texas in 1997. Anusara yoga unifies a tantric philosophy of intrinsic goodness with universal principles of alignment,which underlie all postures,'heart opening' posture and the spiritual/meditative benefits of Patanajali yoga. This form of yoga resembles with Iyengar yoga and the practice of anusara yoga can be broadly categorized into three parts;attitude( Will power),alignment9power of awareness) and action(power of action). The underlying philosophy of this yoga is tantric. Participants are taught to be cognizant of their 'key power center' or focal point (the point at which most of the body weight /muscle force is placed.).
Viniyoga was developed by Sri.T. Krishnamacharya(1888-1989).this yoga is softer and more individualized form of yoga. Emphasis is placed on breathing (pranayam) and coordination of breath and movement and is known for therapeutic application of yoga asanas.Viniyoga is usually taught on a one-on-one basis in Viniyoga students are taught that the breath should actually lead the body into and out of each posture.Viniyoga is less concerned with difficult yoga posture than with developing a balanced and appropriate practice for each student. Viniyoga encourages students to practice each asanas according to their individual needs and capabilities. Viniyoga also incorporates meditation, chanting, prayer and ritual depending on the person's emotional and spiritual needs.
kripalu(MEANS compassion) yoga is developed by yogi Amrit desai in Pennsylvania USA.kripalu yoga is a three level style of hatha yoga customized to the needs of Patanjali yoga. The first stage incorporates basic mechanics of the posture, including body alignment, coordination of breath and movement, including body alignment and coordination of breath and movement. Stage two includes a prolonged holding of the poses as the student learns to practice a disciplined mental concentration. Stage three involves a spontaneous moving meditation set to the individual's internal awareness and energy.
Integral yoga is developed by swami aurobindo(15 Aug 1872-5 Dec1950).Integral / supramental (complete) yoga - Integral yoga or purna yoga (Sanskrit for full or complete yoga), sometimes also called supramental yoga, refers in Sri Aurobindo's teachings to the union of all the parts of one's being with the Divine, and the transmutation of all of their jarring elements into a harmonious state of higher divine consciousness and existence. The aim of Integral yoga is evolution of life on earth by establishing a high level of spiritual consciousness which he called the Supermind that would represent a divine life free from physical death.
In Sri Aurobindo's integral psychology, and for that matter his metaphysic as a whole, the cosmos is described in terms of two major types of distinctions or dimensions. On the one hand there is an ascending dimension of physical, vital, mental, and higher, transpersonal realms. At the same time, there is the series of Outer being, the Inner being, and the inmost Psychic being. Outer, Inner, and Innermost Being form a "concentric" sequence or hierarchy, which is a counterpart to the "vertical" hierarchy of Physical, Vital, and Mental. This spiritual discipline is long and difficult and is not meant for everyone; to achieve its ultimate aims requires an entire devotion of one's life to it.
This style of yoga is developed by Shri.Bikram chaudhary. He is a student of Shri.Bishnu ghosh .Bikram yoga is ideally practiced in a room heated to 105F (40.5C) with humidity of 50 %. Bikram yoga includes 26 pose series designed to perform in particular sequence. Participant needs to carry water bottle and towels. Mr.Bikram choudhary has aggressively enforced claims of copy rights and trademarks protection, including the claim that the sequence of yoga postures in his yoga class falls under his copyright (some yoga practitioners' object to the idea that Mr. Bikram has exclusive control over a series of yoga asanas.)
The sequence of Bikram 26 yoga series includes pranayam,ardha-Chandrasan, Utkatasan, Garudasan,JanuShirasana, Dhanurasan, Tuladadasana, Paschimotaasana, Trikanasana, Janushirsana, Tadasansa, Padangustasana,Savasana, Pavanmuktasana, Sit-up, Bhrujangasana, Ardha-Shalabasana, Shalbhasana, Dhanurasana, Supta-Vajrasana, Ardha-Kumasana, Ustrasana, Sasangasana, Janushirsasana, Ardhya-Matsyendrasana, Kapalbhati.
Kundalini yoga helps to awaken the serpent power of spine. kundalini is untapped energy at the base of the spine that can be drawn up through the body awakening each of the seven chakras (trigger points which regulates our body functions). The English word chakra is derived from the Sanskrit chakram meaning "wheel" or "circle". [Chakras are energy centers in the body; the chakras are described as being aligned in an ascending column from the base of the spine to the top of the head. Chakras are considered as bio-physical energy of human body.] There are many models (school of thoughts) of chakras/trigger points on spine. Kundalini yoga is one of the more spiritual types of yoga. It goes beyond the physical performance of poses with its emphasis on breathing, meditation, and chanting. However, the Kundalini sequences are very physically intense. This type of yoga appeals to those who are up for both mental and physical challenges. A Kundalini yoga class will usually consist of a warm-up to stretch the spine and improve flexibility, a sequence of exercise (kriyas) that focus on a specific area of the body, and meditation, including the use of chanted mantras, pranayama, and mudras. Few kundalini yoga instructors also use Gong (music instrument) in their class.
Sivananda yoga was invented by Dr.Sivananda (1887-1963),he sent his disciple Swami Vishnu -Devananda to west,Canada,where first sivnanda yoga center is formed in 1959.Sivananda yoga is spread by swami Vishnu-devananda(1927-1993). A session of sivnanda yoga starts with every with savasanas, and begin with kapalbhati and anulom-vilom(breathing technique),preceding rounds of surya namaskar(sun salutation),before the standard program of the 12 basic asanas. Sivnanda yoga can be easily adopted by beginners or those who have low functional capacities.The sivananda yoga emphasis on 5 key elements 1.Proper breathing (pranayam) 2. Yoga poses (asanas) 3. Relaxation technique ( savasana) 4. Diet (only vegetarian) 5. Positive thinking and meditation.
Power yoga is invented by Beryl bender birch and Bran kest U.S.A. Power yoga is the American interpretation of ashtanga yoga. Power yoga is fitness based approach to yoga where asanas (poses) will flow from one to another in conjunction with the breath. Power yoga is module on the ashtanga-style of practice. Ashtanga yoga consists 6 increasingly difficult sets of linked postures. Unlike ashtanga yoga, power yoga does not follow a set series of poses. Therefore there are many styles to teach power yoga. One element of power yoga that distinguishes it from other forms of the yoga practice is a breathing technique known as Ujjayi, the deliberate whoosh,whoosh breathing , adds a meditative components to the power yoga.
The term power yoga came into usage in mid 1990, few yoga expert try use yoga as workout and more accessible to a western people. Power yoga will fit more to those individual who are already quite fit because you are exercising several muscles together and isometrically while so stretching the other muscle group. Since power yoga involves a lot of twisting and weight bearing moves, you should be especially cautions if you have history of musculoskeletal injury.
Soamantic yoga us developed by Eleanor Criswell Hanna of Novato,California. Somantic yoga shares many characteristic of the Fednekraic (nervous system awareness through movements) and Alexander (posture corrections) technique. This particular yoga emphasis contraction of particular muscle group and then relaxing them. Each yoga asanas is done very slowly and is followed by one minute of deep breathing. Classes ends with pranayama , guided relaxation and meditation.
Artistic yoga is developed by Bharat Thakur.artistic yoga required artistic yoga teacher. Artistic yoga resembles genuine thai massage, pranayam, band and kriyas. Artistic yoga specially works for lay person where partner will stretch your entire body. A regular session of artistic yoga begins with a warm-up and stretching. It's followed by a rigorous 40-minute regimen for the specific body part you want to concentrate on. Artistic yoga emphasis is on passive (by partner) stretching.
Sahaja Yoga (Saha meaning spontaneous, -ja meaning born within , and Yoga meaning union) is a form of meditation, created by Mata Nirmaladevi Srivastava, more widely known as "Shri Mataji Nirmala Devi" or "Mother" by followers - who believe she is an incarnation of the Adi Shakti, the primordial divine power. The term Sahaja Yoga is also used to refer to the Sahaja Yoga International (Vishwa Nirmala Dharma) organization, a 'new religious movement' which she founded in 1970 in Nargol, India. Sahaj yoga works on spiritual aspects of human beings.like kundalini yoga, Sahaj yoga also helps to awaken the serpent power of spine. kundalini is untapped energy at the base of the spine that can be drawn up through the body awakening each of the seven chakras. Sahaja Yoga teaches that there are seven main energy points, or chakras, on the subtle body that can be balanced by awakening the Kundalini(energy), a normally dormant energy which exists in every human being. Along with balancing the seven chakras, Sahaja Yoga also recommends balancing the left and right hand nadi(artery) or pathway of energy.
Natya yoga was invented by Mr.Bharata muni.Natya yoga is a combination of mainly Bhakti Yoga and Karma Yoga with many elements of Hatha Yoga and Raja Yoga.Those practising Natya Yoga are expected to perform 108 karanas(dance step) , in addition to standard asanas and pranayamas, as well as meditation practises that involve various visualizations that lead to the "internalization" of the dance. In fact, the dancer learns the intimate links between the movements of the physical, emotional and mental bodies. The example of such links can be found in hastas and mudras that the dancer is supposed to master. Natya Yoga is part of Integral Yoga, and is taught in the Sri Aurobindo Ashram through Odissi. Natya Yoga was practised by the medieval devadasis, and is currently taught in a few orthodox schools of Bharatanatyam and Odissi.
Hatha yoga is introduced by swami swatmarama. The word Hatha is a compound of the words Ha and Tha meaning sun and moon and refers to the principal nadis (energy channels) of the subtle body that must be fully operational to attain a state of dhyana or Samadhi. Traditional Hatha Yoga is a holistic yogic path, including moral disciplines, physical exercises (e.g., asanas (postures) and Pranayama (breath control)), and meditation. The Hatha yoga predominantly practiced in the West consists of mostly asanas (postures) and as workout. Hatha yoga is the physical part of Yoga practice Hatha yoga is the physical part of Yoga practice. Hatha yoga lays emphasis on asanas, pranayama and dhyana (meditation). Another important facet of Yoga is that it aims at balancing different energy flows within the human body. Hatha yoga lays emphasis on asanas, pranayama and dhyana (meditation). Another important facet of Yoga is that it aims at balancing different energy flows within the human body. Hatha yoga session will likely be a slow-paced stretching class with some simple breathing exercises and meditation.
Anahata Yoga is a meditative hatha yoga developed by Ana Costa. It was registered with the Yoga Alliance in 2002. More than 90 teachers have received certification since then.The method was inspired by this quote from Yogananda Paramahansa: "It is slow but sure suicide to walk, sit, rest, talk, or lie down with a caved-in chest. The cells of the lungs become starved thereby, and maladjustments of the vertebrae often occur."The focus of Anahata yoga is the opening of the anahata chakra, or heart center: simultaneously correcting bad posture, opening the chest, shoulders, and lungs, and allowing the life force to flow into the body. Anahata prescribes a flow of exercises, postures and short meditations. As a rule, the flow is not designed to be physically taxing, but rather to encourage full breathing, heart awakening, and calmness.An Anahata flow usually takes the form of a class, which typically involves a small group of participants led by an instructor, and lasts about an hour. The class is held in a gently lit environment with plenty of fresh air. Typically meditative or devotional music is played during the class.