Mayur Deshpande
  Personal trainer in Mumbai
Nutrition Underweight

Nutrition Link

Underweight

Underweight occurs because of chronic energy deficiency due to improper quantity of food intake. People whose BMI is less than 18.5 are considered as underweight.

Causes

• It is generally occurs in people who are hyperactive, nervous and who never take rest. when it reaches to severe state power of concentration is less, reduced decision making ability occurs..
• Underweight can occurs in conditions like hyperthyroidism, and in decreased digestion and absorption capacity, in fever and gastrointestinal disturbances.
• Psychological factors like continous rejection of food due to desire to lose weight, specially in girls.
• Underweight can also result of diseases like tuberculosis, diabetes, cancer.
• Inadequate diet in protein or long starvation lead to loss of fatty tissues which results in underweight.


Signs and Symptoms

• Mild anaemia due to lower intake of iron rich food.
• Slower heart rate.
• Pitutary harmone abnormalities due to deficiency of vitamins and minerals.
• Thinning and dryness of hair, diminished muscle mass due to poor quantity of protein intake
• Loss of subcutaneous fat, brittle nails, absence or delayed menstrual periods

Dietary guidelines

• Diet should be high in calorie value, additional 500 calories per day will help to increase the weight, increase in calorie should be gradual otherwise it will create digestive disturbance.
• Increase the quantity and quality of protein for tissue building.
• High calorie fatty food such as cream, butter help to increase the weight.
• Do not eat fried food at the beginning of meal as they reduced appetite.
• High carbohydrate sources like yam ,potato, should be given, dried fruits, sweets ,cereals, nonvegetarian foods can be liberally included in diet.
• Increase the number of meals.
• Enough fluids are important to avoid constipation.
• Avoid synthetic drinks, soft drinks, alcohols, excess tea and coffea as it reduces appetite.
• Regular outdoor exercise helps to stimulate appetite
• Emotional wellbeing is essential for good appetite.