Nutritional Supplements Library
What is Bitter melon?
Bitter Melon is a vine, (Momordica charantia) is a member of the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family, and a relative of squash, watermelon, muskmelon, and cucumber. It grows to 5 m. It bears simple, alternate leaves 4-12 cm across, with 3-7 deeply separated lobes. Each plant bears separate yellow male and female flowers. The fruit of this plant lives up to its name - it tastes very bitter. The surface/skin is bumpy and coated with glossy light to dark green skin. The inside of the melon is filled with spongy pulp whose color ranges from white to light green covering the seeds. It contains an array of biologically active plant chemicals such as Momordicin/Momordin, cucurbitacin, Xanthophyll and Lycopene.in india it is known as karela .
What is the effective dosage of Bitter melon supplementation?
There are no standard or well-studied doses of bitter melon, in Ayurvedic practice Bitter melon is consumed in the following ways: as food, a decoction of as much as 2 ounces (60 ml) to 3 1/3 ounces (100 ml) or of fresh juice (daily). Though still bitter, tinctures of bitter melon (1 teaspoon [5 ml] two to three times per day) may also be used.
What are the benefits of Bitter melon supplementation?
• It stimulates digestion.
• It is very effective to treat diabetes. It has been demonstrated that bitter melon contains a protein similar to bovine insulin, sometimes referred to as p-insulin or poplypeptide-p. When purified and injected subcutaneously into patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), it acted very similar to slow-acting animal insulin and was able to sustain patients.
• It is used to prevent and treat malaria.
• It regulates blood sugar.
• It may possess HIV-inhibiting effects.
What are the side effects of Bitter melon supplementation?
There are no side effects of bitter melon but excessive ingestion of bitter melon juice (several times more than the amount recommended above) may lead to diarrhea and abdominal pain.
• People who are allergic bitter melon or any other member of the Cucurbitaceae plant families (e.g. Persian melon, honeydew, casaba, muskmelon and antilope) should avoid it.
• It is not recommended for pregnant or breast feeding women. Because it has Abortive property and it can also reduce fertility in both males and females.