Guidelines For Diabetes
Diabetes is characterized by reduced insulin secretion by the beta cell of pancreas or reduced sensitivity to insulin. Prolonged and frequent elevation of blood sugar can damage the capillaries, which leads to poor circulations. Individual with diabetes are at greater risk for permanent nerve damage. There are two types of diabetes type1 occurs in childhood and regular insulin injections are required to regulate blood pressure.
Type-2 occurs in adult who are overweight and who lost sensitivity of insulin to target cells.
Exercise guidelines for diabetes
• Do not inject insulin into the primary muscle groups that will be used during exercise because it can reduce blood sugar causing hypoglycemia. Abdominal site is safe for this reason.
• Avoid exercise during periods of peak insulin activity. Because exercise has insulin like effect.
• A complex carbohydrate snack should be consumed before exercise and fruits after exercise.
• Individual with diabetes should always carry a rapid acting simple carbohydrate (sugar, candy, juice) in case they endure hypoglycemia.
• Exercise should be curtailed if pre-exercise blood sugar is below 100mg/dl or greater than 300 mg/dl.
• Monitor your blood glucose before staring exercise, Exercise should be curtailed if preexercise blood glucose is below 100mg/dl.Exercise also be curtailed if preexercise blood glucose is greater than 300 mg /dl or greater than 240mg/dl with urinary ketones bodies.
• Exerciser (Insulin dependant) on insulin may need to reduce their doses by 20 to 40 % when beginning an exercise program.
• Before staring exercise program, Insulin dependant clients should work closely with their physicians to ensure right dosages.