Guidelines For Hypertension
Hypertension is clinically defined as systolic BP > 140mmHg and /or Diastolic BP > 90mmHg. Hypertension is one of the leading factors of Coronary artery diseases. Hypertensive individuals are at three to four times the risk of developing coronary artery diseases.Exerise is the best way to control hypertension. Regular aerobic activity can reduce both systolic and diastolic blood pressure by an average of 10 mmHg.
Exercise Guidelines for hypertensive individuals
• Avoid holding breath or strain during exercise.
• Weight training program should features low resistance and a high number of repetitions (15 to 20).
• Exercise should not continue if any abnormal signs or symptoms are observed before, during or immediately following exercise.
• It is safer to monitor blood pressure before and after the exercise.
• Individual should turn aside (and get up) when getting up from the floor because they are more susceptible to sudden drop of BP associated with rising to an upright position.
• Client should take additional time for warm-up and cool down.
• Target heart rate range should be 40 to 65 % of maximum heart rate.
• Following factors are very important for individual with hypertension 1) medical status 2) medications (few medication effects heart rate and blood pressure), consult your physician for guidelines and approval for exercise.